From the blog

Research and Study

CMIR backed with its highly experienced group of researchers and academicians, expertise in conducting a range research and study programs in the issue of migration and international relations also including other cross-cutting issues. CMIR best utilizes its experiences of working on humanitarian causes for migrant workers and their families to document and extract stories and patterns to analyze the issue; where each of the research work is highly sensitive towards the human value and norms and fundamentals of human rights. Thus, our research works are better proven to provide a deeper understanding to the ground realities faced by migrant workers and their families. Also, CMIR extensively studies the international relations and associated policy dynamics to come with policy discourse and recommendations for improvising the migration status-quo through better performance of the foreign policies of/in the origin and destination countries.

Title: Perception of Environmental Change Relationship to Labor Migration in the Chitwan Valley

Type: Research Report

Year: 2019

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations

This research examines environmental change, in terms of agriculture production, influence on out migration from the Chitwan Valley in Nepal. As the first part of a longitudinal study, a maximum variation sampling method was used to gather data on farming households’ perceptions of environmental change and labor migration. While collecting field data, verbal consent was obtained from research participants and their identities protected. This study uses the measures of environmental change, social capital, and environmental history to analyze risk formation and amplification along migrant networks. Additionally, using t-tests, this data was compared to a sample from the Chitwan Valley Family Study (CVFS) to observe change in perception and labor migration over time. The analysis concludes that perception of environmental change interacts with socio-cultural processes in ways that intensify household level migration. In addition, environmental change is one of the main factors causing low efficiency in agriculture production, leading households to diversify occupation and income through labor migration.



Title: Articles Complied

Type: Articles

Year: 2018

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR)

This publication consists of investigative articles by CMIR in major national dailies of Nepal. All of the articles compiled in this book focuses on the issues of labour migration and international relations. 


Title: Migration Process components and Costs: Recommendation on Decentralization

Type: Policy Report

Year: 2018

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR)

This research was conducted in the span of a month and a half using Center for Migration and International Relations’ (CMIR) resources and network. This report functions as a continuation of previous research and a roundtable discussion hosted in May about the legal ramifications of decentralization in Nepal. The idea behind the research was to assist in providing recommendations for government decentralization by identifying the real cost of recruitment and comparing it with the actual cost of recruitment for Malaysia and GCC countries to figure out what specific components of the recruitment process can be improved upon by government decentralization. Lastly, there is a section dedicated to the recruitment process for South Korea which serves as an example of a government-togovernment agreement plan for foreign employment.


Title: Nepal Political Parties and Migraiton

Type: System Thinking Research

Year: 2017-2018

Research by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR) and Engaging Inquiry, LLC

The  goal of this research is to understand the driving forces behind Nepali political parties’ attitudes towards their migratory constituencies, which in turn will help effectuate future interventions at the local and regional levels to prevent the continued exploitation of migrant labor.



Title: Ensuring Safer and Dignified Employment for Nepalese Migrant Workers for Domestic Work

Type: Policy Report

Year: 2016

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR)

Submitted to: Ministry of Labour and Employment

CMIR put forth a proposal with specific solutions aimed at assisting the government to make well-informed and pragmatic decisions to protect the dignity of migrant workers for domestic workers, by providing policy recommendation to Ministry of Labour and Employment. The paper, comprised of 20 sets of recommendations, sought to ensure that they are incorporated into domestic as well as bilateral legislation between the sending and receiving countries. The recommendations range from- a month long training with follow-up examinations to original passport and other essential documents to be in the domestic worker’s possession. As an outcome, the recommendations played an important role for Ministry of Labour and Employment to come up with Domestic Worker Guideline 2073.

Title: Draft of Standard Bilateral Labour Agreement on Labour, Employment and Human Resources Management

Type: Policy Draft

Year: 2016

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR)

Submitted to: Ministry of Labour and Employment

CMIR drafted the standard bilateral agreement on March of 2016 on behalf of the The government of Nepal (GoN). The objective of the new BLA was to create a framework of cooperation between the government of Nepal and the host country to protect and ensure rights of the migrant workers. The new draft incorporated the issues missing in the previous agreement, such as issues related to recruitment, employment and safety of migrant workers in the destination country. It also touched upon the migrant workers’ rights to retain their legal documents, to be allowed to visit Nepal in every two years, and anytime in case of emergency. Likewise, receiving of proper medical treatment as prescribed by the doctor in cases of injury or illness, which was not specified in the previous agreement, was put in the new BLA. For that, from 2016, the Government of Nepal has strongly taken a diplomatic approach to maintaining the bilateral relations.

Title: A Study Report on ILO Conventions

Type: Research Report
Year: 2016

Published by: Center for Migration and International Relations (CMIR)

Submitted to: Ministry of Labour and Employment

The report thoroughly analysed the ILO Conventions that the GoN has/not ratified, with comparative studies of national policy in Nepal as well as a number of recommendations and developments proposed to help bring the status of migrant workers in line with international standards. The study recommended the GoN to ratify ILO conventions related to Private Employment Agencies to curtail deceitful and exploitative practices in the recruitment stage; to set clear standards and procedures for labour inspection; and to eliminate existing legislative and administrative restrictions that limit the rights of domestic workers, among others.





Legally Supported


Information Materials developed


Research, Policy papers and Articles published


Interns/fellows from 10 countries and 16 universities benefited